In human beings testicles are situated inside the sac beneath the scrotum (penis). In a foetus testicles are formed inside the abdomen which descends into its final position by the time the baby is born. In some cases the testicles do not move downwards to its exact location and remains somewhere in between. Such testicles are referred as undescended testicles. Undescended testicles are classified based on the position where they are remaining at the time of birth and whether they can be felt or not (palpable or non palpable)
- Abdominal: Testicles which remain inside the abdomen are included in this category. They come under the category of non palpable also.
- Inguinal:Testicles which have descended up to the inguinal canal comes under this category. They are not usually palpable.
- Prescrotal or prepubic: The testicles which have further descended, but did not reach the scrotum comes under this category. They are usually palpable.
Benefit of this surgery
- It helps to prevent infertility.
- It reduces the risk of testicular cancer
- It boosts the self esteem of the boy
- It helps to reduce the risk of testicular injuries
What happens after the surgery?
This surgery is usually done as an outpatient service. When the testicles are in lower positions the surgical procedure will be much simpler. After the surgery the boys should avoid taking part in activities like sports, games etc to avoid injury to the genital area. The doctor will conduct post operative examination after two three months to ascertain whether there is any post operative complications.